Gingival Grafts

Before and after Gingival Grafts Zionsville
Before and after Gingival Grafts

Causes of Gum Recession Leading to the need of Gingival Grafts

Cosmetic gum grafting (also known as gingival grafts or periodontal surgery), is a cumulative name for surgical periodontal procedures that aim to cover an exposed tooth root surface with grafted oral tissue. We often see patients with gingival recession due to periodontal disease.  There are other common causes, including overly aggressive brushing, smoking, misaligned teeth and trauma.

Treatment for Recession of Gums

There are three types of gingival grafts.  Connective tissue grafts are the most common grafting procedure that is used to treat one or more areas of gum recession.  The tissue is taken from the roof of your mouth and then sutured over the are of exposed root.  Free gingival grafts are similar to connective tissue grafts but the tissue is taken from the palate.  Pedicle grafts use the tissue adjacent to the tooth that needs to be repaired.  Donated medically process human tissue can also be used for gingival grafting.

The Benefits of Gingival Grafts

Gingival grafting has many benefits in addition to keeping the recession and bone loss from getting worse.  They help to eliminate or reduce tooth sensitivity by adding  extra protection to the root surfaces.  Gingival grafts also protect the roots of your teeth from decay.  Gingival grafting can be cosmetic also, resulting in a more even gum line, giving patients the benefit of smiling and speaking without being self-conscious due to the appearance of your teeth.

Prevention of Gum Recession

Oral care and prevention are the keys to keeping your gums healthy and preventing gum disease.  Flossing on a daily basis dramatically decreases your chances of gum disease.   It is also very important to see your dental hygienist at least twice per your or as often as recommended by your dentist.  Your dental hygienist will most likely be the first person to notice if you are suffering from gingival recession.  Your dental hygienist is able to remove tartar that your tooth brush can not remove.  Be sure to be diligent about scheduling regular dental exams and routine cleanings.